Tuesday, August 14, 2012

Penggunaan '' INFINITIVE '' Dalam Bahasa Inggris

Musttrie - Belajar bahasa Inggris. Penggunaan '' INFINITIVE '' (kata kerja dasar) dalam bahasa Inggris dapat kita nyatakan dengan menggunakan TO (misal: to go, to live, to see) atau juga tanpa menggunakan TO (BARE INFINITIVE) menjadi go, live, see. Mungkin kita sering menjumpai kesalahan-kesalahan umum dalam penggunaan INFINITIVE. BARE INFINITIVE misalnya, digunakan pada ketentuan seperti: setelah kata kerja bantu, setelah ungkapan-ungkapan tertentu, kata keterangan tertentu dan kata kerja tertentu. Nah, untuk memahami tentang penggunaan '' INFINITIVE '' (kata kerja dasar) dalam bahasa Inggris yang benar, serta kesalahan-kesalahan umum yang sering terjadi, mari kita simak beberapa contoh dan penjelasan berikut.



~ Penggunaan - BARE INFINITIVE

BARE INFINITIVE akan digunakan pada ketentuan berikut ini:

A. Setelah kata kerja bantu: can, may, must, shall, will, should etc.
Contoh:

Salah : I must to see him at his office.
Benar :  I must see him at his office.

Contoh lain:
He can speak English very well.
We should obey the law.
You may leave the office early today.


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B. Setelah ungkapan tertentu:

* would rather : lebih senang.

Salah : I would rather to go out than to stay at home.
Benar : I would rather go out than to stay at home.

* had better : lebih baik

Salah : You had better to go at once.
Benar : You had better go at once.


* would you please : sudilah

Salah : Would You please to open the window?
Benar : Would You please open the window?


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C. Setelah kata keterangan seperti :

always, often, usually, seldom, never, ever, generally, really, occasionally, still, rarely, ect.
Contoh :
Salah : I always to see her at that office.
Benar : I always see her at that office.


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D. Setelah Kata kerta tertentu :


* know : mengetahui

Salah : I have known experts to make this mistake.
Benar : I have known experts make this mistake.

* let : membiarkan

Salah : Her father will not let her to go.
Benar : Her father will not let her go.

* make : membuat

Salah : We make him to do that work.
Benar : We make him do that work.

* see : melihat

Salah : We saw him to leave the house.
Benar : We saw him leave the house.

* watch : memperhatikan

Salah : I watch the children to play badminton.
Benar : I watch the children play badminton.

* hear : mendengar

Salah : I heard him to speak in English.
Benar : I heard him speak in English.

* feel : merasa

Salah : I can feel her heart to beat.
Benar : I can feel her heart beat.

* notice : memperhatikan

Salah : We notice the man to work.
Benar : We notice the man to work.


Note:
Untuk kata kerja : see, watch, notice, hear, dapat juga diikuti dengan bentuk - ing

contoh:
- I saw him leaving the office.
- We watch the boys playing football in the yard.
- I heard him talking to the teacher in English.
- We notice the man working in the field.
- I heard someone knocking at the door.




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~ Penggunaan '' TO INFINITIVE ''

Dalam bahasa Inggris sebagian besar kata kerja diikuti oleh to infinitive

contoh:
- I want to go to the movie.
- I will try to do it myself.
- He plans to go abroad.
- She asked me to wait for her.
- We forget to remind him of it.


Perkecualian :

Beberapa kata kerja harus diikuti bentuk - ing (bukan infinitive)

contoh :
- I always avoid meeting her.
- He objects to going with him.
- Would You mind mailing this letter ?

Kata kerja yang harus diikuti bentuk - ing (bukan infinitive):

avoid, consider, delay, deny, detest, enjoy, finish, imagine, mind, miss, object to, practise, suggest, stop, postpone, resent, resist.

Bentuk - ing juga digunakan untuk kalimat yang mengandung kata : can't bear, can't help, can't stand, escape, go on, keep on, remember, understand, busy, worth, it is no use, it is good, let's go, have the pleasure, take pleasure in, to be interested in, to be ashamed of, etc.

contoh :
- It is no good doing it
- It is no use crying it.
- This blog is worth reading.
- I can't help laughing when hearing your story.
- Seeing is believing.


Bentuk - ing juga digunakan untuk kalimat seperti ini:

- My interest in going there was very great.
- Her reason for studying English is to get a job.
- Our aim for coming here is to meet you.


Sahabat sekian dahulu belajar kita untuk Penggunaan '' INFINITIVE '' dalam bahasa Inggris kali ini, semoga bisa membantu dan bermanfaat untuk anda semua.


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